What is Omega?
- Omega 3 – a class of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
- Fatty acids necessary for our body are found in some marine and vegetable fats. They have a broad effect on various body systems.
- Omega 3, along with Omega 6, belongs to the so-called “indispensable” fatty acids that the body can not synthesize itself and which should come into it with food.
- Lack of Omega 3 acids in the diet promotes the development of cardiovascular disease, because a shortage of Omega 3 increases dramatically the ability of low-density cholesterol in the vessel walls to form atherosclerotic plaques.
- Both marine and vegetable fats contribute to improvement of the human brain.
Source – Wikipedia.
History of the discovery of Omega 3.
Omega 3 owes its fame inquisitive mind of Danish scientists, in particular – Dayerberga. He was interested in the fact that Eskimos rarely suffer from heart disease, and their main diet consists of a very fatty foods (meat of seals and fish).
Together with his colleagues Dayerberg began to study composition of Eskimos` blood, and after 2 years of hard work, as a result of research, they clearly saw the two fatty acids – eykozapentaenovaya and dokosaksenoevaya. This discovery marked the birth of the name of Omega 3 – class of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Main characteristics of Omega 3.
- Impact of Omega 3 in the human body looks really stunning.
- Entering in it instead of food (and our body can not produce Omega-3 alone), fatty acid Omega-3 is introduced into the cells. They did not just affect their structure (repair, restore), but also intensify their activities.
- The result of this activity is improvement of the cardiovascular system, from here – reducing the risk of heart attacks, heart attacks.
- There was a normalization of blood pressure (the main scourge of our time), vision improvement, the removal of inflammatory processes in joints and as a whole — improvement of mental processes, as consequences of the best work of the brain.
- Omega 3 enhances immunity, helps in the treatment of skin diseases, eczema, allergies, Alzheimer’s disease …
- Some current research indicates also to the improved condition in the treatment of breast cancer.
- In addition to all its positive qualities, Omega 3 also displays off the body cholesterol and free radicals, being an excellent antioxidant.
- Peculiar bonus of Omega 3 includes the fact that people in whose body are a sufficient amount of Omega-3 fatty acids do not suffer from depression – a good mood for them is a norm, rather than a random luck.
- Numerous studies have shown that adequate consumption of Omega 3 for pregnant and lactating women has the most beneficial effect on the development of brain of the child.
Source – the Internet.
Why fatty acids Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids Omega 3 and Omega 6 are so important for the child development?
Omega 3 and Omega 6 in the human diet should be in a sufficient quantity during the first years of life, thus ensuring the full development of the body and health in its entirety. It is also important to remember that in the first year of life cildren have fat in the amount of 45-60% of the total amount of energy.
The most important for us are fatty acid Omega 3 and Omega 6. They are not synthesized in the human body and are indispensable factors of food. We can only use them with food, but children in the first months of life – from the mother’s milk, or milk mixes.
At the core of Omega-3 is Alpha-linolenic acid, which, entering into the human body and subjected there to different chemical reactions has transformed into a long chain of polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3. These fatty acids are necessary for heart, circulatory, immune, nervous and reproductive systems.
These acids are very important for infants during the first year of life. Already during pregnancy the future mothers need to consume fatty acids that is vital for the development of the fetus.
After the birth, a child receives fatty acids from mother’s milk. It is important to note that the level of these acids in breast milk also depends on the food of young mother.
Accumulation of fatty acids in the gray matter of the brain is associated with the development of cognition. What does this mean?
This is a child’s ability to learn independently and solve problems. The development of knowledge includes, for example, the ability to explore the two worlds around him, hands and eyes, and five years old children – to solve simple math problems.
The development of knowledge is, in fact, design of thinking process, which includes the ability to remember, solve problems and make decisions. Thought, language, decision making, reading – this is a function of cognition, which are essential for intellectual and spiritual development of our children.
It is important that these fatty acids Omega the body receives since the birth of the child, because it will help to provide the child with psychomotor and mental development – we, the parents, will appreciate it later in a more adult life of the child.
Long chain of fatty acids in high concentrations are not only in the gray matter of the brain, but also in the retina, especially in the photoreceptor cells – in rods and cones.
Rods are more sensitive to light, but do not distinguish colors, so actively working in low light. Cones are also sensitive to colors, but less sensitive to light and are therefore deemed as apparatus for daytime view.
Sticks are a lot – about 130 million, and they are located throughout the retina, except the very center. Thanks to them, we see objects, even on the margins of the visual field, including in low light. Cones smaller – about 7 million, and they are located mainly in the center of the retina.
Long chain of polyunsaturated fatty acids in our body play an another, equally important role – these acids are able to prevent the development of a number of diseases, reduce the risk of allergic reactions, as well as the development of the response to the inflammation. Studies have shown that Omega 3 may suspend the development of cancer due to its ability to restore damaged or destroyed DNA.
Omega 3 contributes to the development of useful prostaglandins, substances such as hormones, which perform important functions of life. Other healthy fats are the progenitor cells for 3 types of prostaglandins. This type is very important and is more effective in reducing blood clotting, which provides blood flow and reduces inflammation. A sufficient amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the body of the child from infancy ensures normal blood pressure over the future life.
Over the past 20 years a great number of articles on the role of fatty acids in the human body are published, but awareness of this role is far from perfect. It is important that a small child receives the necessary amount of fatty acids, as this will ensure its continued intellectual and spiritual development. And a lot depends on expectant and nursing mothers, it is important that they included in your diet foods rich in these acids.
Inita Kaze, Pediatric Gastroenterologist
Excerpts from the material posted on the site maminklub.lv
Omega 3 and Omega 6 – Balance for Health
Our body with food receives a large number of fatty acids Omega 6. These acids are found in some vegetable oils, cereals, eggs, poultry, margarine … Omega 6 delivers the health of our skin, and lowers cholesterol, helps blood clot. However, when fatty acids Omega 6 in the body accumulates too much, our blood becomes very thick and there is a risk of blood clots, and there is a risk early inflammatory processes.
Such a situation may be corrected only by Omega 3. It should be remembered that Omega 6 is indispensable for the organism, as well as Omega 3, just in the body must maintain the correct ratio of these fatty acids.
Scientists believe that this ratio should be 4 to 1.
To achieve the right balance, it is not necessarily to reduce the consumption of products containing Omega 6, simply include in your diet products containing Omega 3. For example, using vegetable oil prefer olive oil, it has a positive effect on blood lipids.
Today there is no doubt that cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes are directly dependent on our food. Omega 3 and healthy meals today have become synonymous. Omega 3 – these are the fatty acids, without which we simply cannot live. Making up our bodies of their content, we do not simply prolong their lives, but also raise the quality to a higher level.
Source – the Internet